Bhavani Chandra Vajapeyayajula
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MuleSoft Flex Gateway

MuleSoft Flex Gateway

Brief Introduction

Bhavani Chandra Vajapeyayajula's photo
Bhavani Chandra Vajapeyayajula
ยทNov 3, 2022ยท

4 min read

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Table of contents

  • Introduction
  • Steps to use Flex Gateway
  • Sources:
  • Thank You

Introduction

  • MuleSoft's Flex gateway is an ultrafast way to manage and secure API's running in a server / container with full capabilities offered by MuleSoft's API Manager.
  • MuleSoft's API Manager provides an industry-leading way to manage API using policies. A policy can be applied to an API to manage its behavior without any code changes. These are applied at gateway level.
  • There are various policies provided by MuleSoft, such as
    • Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)
    • OAuth0 Authentication Policy
    • Client ID Enforcement.
  • And many other policies are supported by MuleSoft. Visit MuleSoft docs to see the actual list of policies supported by flex gateway.

Steps to use Flex Gateway

In this blog post, I'm going to demonstrate using a linux box I have. I have a simple User Management API developed in Python (Fast API). API allows an Admin user to manage users, profiles and permissions. For this blog post, I choose the following policies, such as Logging Policy and Rate Limiting with SLA policy.

Prerequisites:

The following prerequisites are needed,

  • Anypoint Platform access. To try it, you can create a 30-day trial at this page
  • API you have developed in another language other than Mule
  • Linux Server

Install Flex Gateway

  • In Runtime Manager, click on Flex Gateways in the side menu.
  • From there, click on Add Gateway button.
  • Select Linux option and follow the steps mentioned there to install the flex gateway in a linux box.
  • Use below command to install flex-gateway to linux server
curl -XGET https://flex-packages.anypoint.mulesoft.com/ubuntu/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb https://flex-packages.anypoint.mulesoft.com/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) main" \
  | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mulesoft.list
sudo apt update
sudo apt install -y flex-gateway
  • Use below command to start the flex gateway
sudo systemctl start flex-gateway
  • Once it's installed, execute below command to start the flex gateway, register it in Runtime Manager
sudo flexctl register <GatewayName> \
  --token=a8c34b42-a6be-4c82-92be-db7496983289 \
  --organization=0de7096a-6bf0-422c-a567-7450c69c0405 \
  --connected=true \
  --output-directory=/usr/local/share/mulesoft/flex-gateway/conf.d
  • You can also check the related services using the below command
sudo systemctl list-units flex-gateway*

API Manager Configuration

  • Once your application is deployed to your server, we need the implementation URL for the application
  • Go to API Manager, and click on Add API button at the top of the page. Click on Add New API.

API Manager 2.png

  • In the Add API page, select the Flex gateway and select the gateway you have added above. Click Next to continue.

Add API Runtime Flow

  • In next page, you can either select API from exchange or create a new API. Give the appropriate name and asset type based on your API. For this blog, I selected HTTP API. I'm going to interface JSON Typicode API and managing it. Click Next to continue.

API Manager 4.png

  • In next page, you can add the endpoint details, base path and port. Click on Next to continue.

API Manager 5.png

  • Here, you can see the full summary of the flex gateway API configuration. After this, click on Save and Deploy API button below.

API Manager 6.png

  • API manager deploys the API to the flex gateway, and it will apply the API configuration to the flex gateway.

API Deployed

  • In this article, I am going to apply two policies: Go to the policies page and select Rate-Limiting Policy.
  • Rate-Limiting Policy: This policy is used to set a compliant limit on the API. Restrict unnecessary calls to API.
  • Add the necessary configuration to enable the policy

Rate-Limiting Factor

  • Next Select, Client ID Enforcement and select Basic Authentication as the credential origin. Client ID Enforcement

  • Now, to access the API, we need client ID and client secret. Go to the Exchange and click on Request access button. Follow through the creation process and get the tokens.

Request Access

  • Once you got the access, you can go to the server where flex gateway is created and use localhost to make API calls as shown below

HTTP Call

  • In the above screenshot,
    • First call is made to users/1 endpoint with client ID and Client Secret with Basic Authentication
    • Next Call is made with invalid Client Secret, which throws error out, as the client secret is wrong
    • In the Last call in this image shows that a call is made without basic authentication header.
  • From these above calls, we can be sure that Client ID Enforcement is applied to the API.
  • In the next HTTP call, I have called the API every second to trigger Rate-Limiting policy. You can see Too Many requests' response, which indicates the policy worked.

HTTP Call 2

Sources:

Thank You

Feel free to comment, reach out. Thanks for your time.

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